The Amusement Device Inspection Procedures Scheme (ADIPS) involves a series of pre-use and in-service inspections, and applies to all fairground rides, amusement devices and inflatable devices.
SGGB ‘Rules’ concerning ‘Established Rights of Tenure at a Fair’ set out that with 2 years’ occupation of a particular pitch, rights are assured, and transferable on death to another family member, or can be transferred—at a cost—to another showman.
Health and Safety Codes emerged officially in 1976, when the Home Office Guide to Safety at Fairs was published. This followed the transfer of responsibility for safety matters to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) established under the 1974 Health and Safety at Work Act. This developed into the Code of Safe Practice at Fairs, Health & Safety Executive, 1984, then the Fairgrounds and amusement parks: A Code of safe practice HS(G)81 HSE Books 1992, then the Fairgrounds and amusement parks: guidance on safe practice HS(G)175 HSE Books 1997. These have been further developed following the Roberts Review Of Fairground Safety, 2011 (see ‘Review Of Fairground Safety: Report to the Health and Safety Commission,’ Prepared by: Paul Roberts (HM Principal Inspector of Health and Safety) Safety Policy Division, 02 August 2011)
To minimize disruption to the town, the rides and attractions that make up the fair arrive as late as possible, and a rapid (usually overnight) transformation takes place as these pull on to the fair site. It packs up and leaves with the same amazing speed.
Street closures are used to shut off areas of the town centre to traffic for the duration of a fair.